Tuesday, September 18, 2012

China-US lock horns at the WTO, yet again

Tit for tat season at the WTO dispute settlement? September 17th saw two cases for request for consultations:
1.The United States notified the WTO Secretariat of a request for consultations with China on “China’s measures providing subsidies such as grants, loans, forgone government revenue, the provision of goods and services and other incentives contingent upon export performance to automobile and automobile-parts enterprises in China”.The details of the nascent dispute are found here. 
2.China notified the WTO Secretariat of a request for consultations with the United States on countervailing and anti-dumping measures applied to a wide range of products exported by China to the US. Among the products cited by China, affected by the measures, are paper, steel, tyres, magnets, chemicals, kitchen appliances, wood flooring, and wind towers. Further information will be available within the next few days in document WT/DS449.
The United States and China continue to play out their trade wars at the WTO. After the China Electronic Payments case, Mineral export restrictions case, the U.S. has taken on the alleged subsidies in the automobile sector. China is likely to request for consultations against alleged US subsidies to renewable energy programs.

Stewart and Stewart has done this study on the Chinese automobile sector that outlines the support given by the Chinese State to its automobile sector. How much of it violates the WTO Agreements, especially the ASCM, requires a thorough legal analysis. The study concludes:
"Many nations view their automotive sectors as economically and politically important, and support those industries through an array of government policies. In the case of China, however, these policies appear to be preying on other countries’ industries and violating China’s international trade obligations. When China joined the WTO, it committed to eliminate domestic content requirements and other programs that discriminate against imports, cease forced technology transfers, terminate export subsidies, and limit export restrictions. This report reveals that such practices continue to be routine in China’s automotive sector. Not only are such requirements still on the books and implemented in practice, China has recently proposed expanding such policies to cover new-energy vehicles and parts. These policies have fueled a massive increase in China’s vehicle and parts production and its rising exports to the rest of the world. If these policies intensify under the 12th Five-Year Plan, the effects will be felt not only in China, but in the United States and other automotive markets around the world."
Surcharged times at the WTO dispute settlement mechanism.  

1 comment:

Evan Marcus said...

Nice article.thanks for shearing it with us. keep it up.
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